My research deals with the musculoskeletal system in spaceflight, immobilisation and ageing. Several students are involved in the projects and I work with many international collaborators.
The main topic is the musculoskeletal system in spaceflight. The human body adapts to weightlessness, and space flight participants experience bone and muscle loss, back pain, cardiovascular deconditioning, and a lot more. Most of the research is conducted together with DLR, ESA and NASA.
With a team of scientists from the UK, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands and Switzerland, I am currently involved in the 60-days AGBRESA bedrest study. Our experiments deal with neuromuscular interaction. We take muscle biopsies and blood samples in addition to neurophysiological measurements such as MUNIX and the H-Reflex to study changes in bedrest and the effects of human centrifugation. I am funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG) and the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi).
In addition, ESA has recently selected our proposal for an ISS Experiment with the title “Neuromuscular electrical stimulation to enhance the exercise benefits for muscle functions during spaceflight”, that is currently in the definition phase. It includes pre-, in- and postflight experiments.
Furthermore, I am interested in Master Athletics, performance declines with age and age-related adaptations of the human body to sports. Field studies at competitions, such as at international master athletics and tennis championships are great opportunities for data collection. Data-sets from publicly available annual best result lists give insights into longitudinal performance changes with age. The huge data-sets require big data skills and machine learning approaches.
In addition, I am involved in Orthopaedic Surgery Research Projects that deal with injury, implant design, wound healing, microcirculation and inflammation.